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Diabetes treatment: Medications for type 2 diabetes

By Mayo Clinic Staff

Healthy lifestyle choices — including diet, exercise and weight control — provide the foundation for managing type 2 diabetes. However, you may need medications to achieve target blood sugar (glucose) levels. Sometimes a single medication is effective. In other cases, a combination of medications works better.

what is diabetes ketones in urine (🔴 limits) | what is diabetes mellitus nature reviewshow to what is diabetes for The list of medications for type 2 diabetes is long and potentially confusing. Learning about these drugs — how they''s an at-a-glance comparison of common diabetes medications. More medications are available depending on your needs and situation. Ask your doctor about your options and the pros and cons of each.

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the 1 last update 03 Jul 2020 MeglitinidesMeglitinides

Medications

  • Repaglinide (Prandin)
  • Nateglinide (Starlix)

Action

  • Stimulate the release of insulin

Advantages

  • Work quickly

Possible side effects

  • Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
  • Weight gain
  • Nausea or vomiting, when interacting with alcohol

Sulfonylureas

Medications

  • Glipizide (Glucotrol)
  • Glimepiride (Amaryl)
  • Glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase)

Action

  • Stimulate the release of insulin

Advantages

  • Low cost
  • Effective in lowering blood sugar

Possible side effects

  • Hypoglycemia
  • Weight gain
  • Skin rash

Dipeptidyl-peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors

Medications

  • Saxagliptin (Onglyza)
  • Sitagliptin (Januvia)
  • Linagliptin (Tradjenta)
  • Alogliptin

Action

  • Stimulate the release of insulin when blood glucose is rising
  • Inhibit the release of glucose from the liver

Advantages

  • Don''t cause hypoglycemia (unless combined with insulin or a sulfonylurea)

Possible side effects

  • Upper respiratory tract infection
  • Sore throat
  • Headache

Biguanides

Medications

  • Metformin (Fortamet, Glucophage, others)

Action

  • Inhibit the release of glucose from the liver
  • Improve sensitivity to insulin

Advantages

  • Very effective
  • May promote modest weight loss
  • Low cost

what is diabetes symptoms in children (🔥 dinner recipes) | what is diabetes blood sugarhow to what is diabetes for Possible side effects

  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Very rarely, the harmful buildup of lactic acid (lactic acidosis) when used in patients with kidney or liver failure

Thiazolidinediones

Medications

  • Rosiglitazone (Avandia)
  • Pioglitazone (Actos)

Action

  • Improve sensitivity to insulin
  • Inhibit the release of glucose from the liver

the 1 last update 03 Jul 2020 AdvantagesAdvantages

  • May slightly increase high-density lipoprotein (HDL), or "" cholesterol

what is diabetes youth statistics (☑ fast) | what is diabetes hereditaryhow to what is diabetes for Possible side effects

  • Weight gain
  • Heart failure
  • Heart attack
  • Fractures
  • Possible increased risk of bladder cancer with pioglitazone

what is diabetes abbreviation (⭐️ insulin) | what is diabetes glucagonhow to what is diabetes for These medications shouldn''t cause weight gain

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