reverses diabetes type 2 ketones (👍 fasting blood sugar goal) | reverses diabetes type 2 icd 10how to reverses diabetes type 2 for The right diet can keep blood sugar levels in check, while the wrong foods can lead to dangerous complications. Learn tips and tricks for eating with diabetes.
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With type 2 diabetes, it is always important to eat a balanced diet and monitor your carbohydrate intake because that macronutrient (the other two being protein and fat) can have a direct effect on your blood sugar. As for how much: “There is no blanket answer for the amount of carbs to eat, as that amount depends on many factors,” says Amy Gorin, a registered dietitian-nutritionist in Union City, New Jersey.
Factors that can affect how many carbs to aim for each day include your age, weight, level of activity, and whether you’re taking diabetes medication, including insulin. That’s why as COVID-19 measures change your way of living — albeit temporarily — Gorin says you should check in with your healthcare team to see what adjustments you should make in what you eat, how you exercise, and how you take medication.
That being said, with a little flexibility and ingenuity, and an understanding of the basics of eating with diabetes, you for 1 last update 02 Jun 2020 can still enjoy healthy meals, even in these challenging times.That being said, with a little flexibility and ingenuity, and an understanding of the basics of eating with diabetes, you can still enjoy healthy meals, even in these challenging times.
1. Understand Your Carbohydrate Needs and Proper Portion Sizes
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) backs up Gorin’s advice that there is no one-size-fits-all solution, but notes that on average, people with diabetes should get about 45 percent of their calories from carbohydrates, with the rest coming from lean protein, such as chicken without the skin, fatty fish like salmon, and plant-based protein like tofu; and heart-healthy fats, such as those you get from vegetables, nuts, and fish.
Servings are typically measured in 15-gram (g) portions, with most women needing 3 to 4 carb servings (45 to 60 g) per meal, and most men needing about 4 to 5 carb servings (60 to for 1 last update 02 Jun 2020 75 g). Fifteen grams of carbohydrates equates to a small piece of fruit, such as an apple, a slice of whole-wheat bread, 1/3 cup cooked whole-wheat pasta or brown rice, or ½ cup black beans, says Gorin.Servings are typically measured in 15-gram (g) portions, with most women needing 3 to 4 carb servings (45 to 60 g) per meal, and most men needing about 4 to 5 carb servings (60 to 75 g). Fifteen grams of carbohydrates equates to a small piece of fruit, such as an apple, a slice of whole-wheat bread, 1/3 cup cooked whole-wheat pasta or brown rice, or ½ cup black beans, says Gorin.
2. Know Which Foods Should Be Staples in Your Diabetes Diet
Kathy Honick, RN, CDCES, a diabetes educator at Mercy Diabetes and Nutrition Center in Washington, Missouri, provides additional details about what you should keep in your pantry and refrigerator:
- Fruits and vegetables are usually good choices, but enjoy fruit in moderation. Your healthcare team can tell you what “in moderation” means for you.
- Nonstarchy vegetables are a good choice. These include spinach, carrots, broccoli, and green beans.
- Eat whole-grain foods, such as brown rice, whole-wheat bread, and whole-wheat pasta.
- Include legumes like lentils, kidney, or pinto beans in your meal plans.
- Choose fish over meat two to three times a week.
- For meat, choose lean pork or beef, or chicken or turkey with the skin removed.
- Dairy (cheese, yogurt, milk) is important, but go for nonfat versions, even for ice cream.
3. Limit or Eliminate Certain Foods From Your Diet
Honick adds that you’re better off cutting back on or avoiding certain foods when you’re managing diabetes. These are the types of foods that tend to contribute to weight gain or carry a higher glycemic load, meaning that they can lead to a swift blood sugar spike, according to Harvard University. Nutrition is also an important consideration.
- Avoid junk food, she says. This fare tends to be high in saturated fat and sodium, notes past research. If a food is high in carbohydrates (looking at you, french fries), that’s all the more reason to avoid it or enjoy it in moderation and infrequently.
- Sodas are chock-full of sugar, as are fruit punches and other sugar-sweetened drinks. For example, a 12-ounce container of fruit punch contains a whopping 42 g of sugar, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Diet soda may be acceptable, though some research, including a study published in March 2014 in the American Journal of Nutrition, has noted that in people without diabetes diet soda may be associated with higher caloric intake and thus weight gain. However, researchers relied on self-reported data and more studies are needed. Your best bet is plain or sparkling water without sugar added, Honick says.
- Sugary snacks, including cookies, cakes, and ice cream, fill you up with empty calories, she says. Choose healthier snack options, such as nonstarchy bell peppers with hummus, instead.
If you’re not sure of the nutritional content of a food or drink option, check the USDA’s Food Central database. (Pro tip: When "energy/kcal" is listed on page, it’s simply a more technical term for calories).
RELATED: 13 Quick and Easy Snack Ideas for People With Diabetes
4. Use Diabetes-Friendly Cooking Methods When Preparing Your Food
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- Bake or broil instead of frying to reduce fat.
- Use extra-virgin olive oil instead of vegetable oil, because olive oil confers more heart benefits, notes the Mayo Clinic. People with diabetes are at a higher risk for heart disease than the general population, per the American Heart Association.
- Completely avoid trans fats (found in some processed foods and foods cooked in oil, though they’re being phased out, per the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) and limiting saturated fats (found in meats and whole milk) to less than 20 g per day, if possible.
- Limit sodium to 2,000 to 2,400 g per day, unless you’re on a sodium-restricted diet. In that case, you should follow your doctor’s recommendations.
- Choose fresh or frozen foods, or canned foods with no salt.
Eating well is one of the pleasures of life. If you have type 2 diabetes, you don’t have to forgo the enjoyment of food. You just have to adapt and change your eating habits and, maybe, some of the foods you eat.
5. Limit Ordering Takeout, and Take These Precautions
Home-cooked meals are preferable to takeout orders, because you have total control over portions and ingredients. However, if you’re craving a break from meal preparation, keep in mind that during the pandemic you must not only manage diabetes but protect yourself from the coronavirus that causes COVID-19.
“If you order takeout or delivery, be smart about it. Being a person with diabetes means that if you get COVID-19, you have an increased chance of experiencing complications from the virus,” says Gorin, echoing information from the CDC. Take precautions to decrease your risk of contact with others, because even people without symptoms may be infected, according to the CDC. “If you order delivery, see if you can prepay — including the tip — and have the delivery driver leave the food at your door so that you’re limiting contact. If you’re ordering takeout, aim to also prepay and either pick up food via a drive-through, or if you must go into a restaurant, request that the food is left for you at pickup, away from another person.”
She also suggests taking food out of its packaging and transferring it onto a new plate and heating it in the microwave before eating. Cooking food to a safe temperature should kill germs, according to FoodSafety.gov.
Also, order the most diabetes-friendly options you can. The Cleveland Clinic suggests that you prioritize vegetables. Choose whole grains in modest portions over processed ones, whether it’s opting for brown rice over white, or whole-wheat pasta over regular. Opt for proteins that are leaner than red meat, such as skinless poultry and fish, or plant-based sources like beans and tofu. Scale back on dairy and sauces, which can be laden with calories. And avoid fried food, which is full of carbs, fat, and calories. Order steamed, baked, roasted, or grilled fare instead.
6. Fresh Food Is Fantastic, But So Are Packaged Options
There are few yummier — or healthier — simple pleasures than choosing fresh fare from your garden, a farmers market, or a roadside stand. But if these aren’t options for you, you can enjoy nutritional food that is canned, frozen, or dried.
“Go for a combination of frozen fruits and vegetables, frozen lean protein such as seafood, canned beans, bagged brown rice, canned vegetables, spices, and healthy fats such as olive oil,” says Gorin. Among her favorite selections:
Canned Beans “Beans not only provide protein, they also provide fiber — and this combination of nutrients can help keep you fuller for longer,” Gorin says. “Purchase the no-salt-added variety if you have diabetes, and make sure to drain and rinse them.” According to the USDA, ½ cup of boiled black beans without salt contains about 20.4 g of carbs.
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Frozen Fruit “Frozen fruit is great to have on hand for anything from an oatmeal topping to an ingredient in a wild blueberry–peanut butter smoothie,” says Gorin, suggesting her own recipe. To cut down on the possibility that your the 1 last update 02 Jun 2020 smoothie will spike your blood sugar, the London-based nonprofit Diabetes U.K. recommends preparing it with whole fruits rather than juice, and limiting your smoothie portion to 1 small glass, or 5 ounces per day. Increase the size of your smoothie by diluting it with water.Frozen Fruit “Frozen fruit is great to have on hand for anything from an oatmeal topping to an ingredient in a wild blueberry–peanut butter smoothie,” says Gorin, suggesting her own recipe. To cut down on the possibility that your smoothie will spike your blood sugar, the London-based nonprofit Diabetes U.K. recommends preparing it with whole fruits rather than juice, and limiting your smoothie portion to 1 small glass, or 5 ounces per day. Increase the size of your smoothie by diluting it with water.
Dried Spices “It’s super easy to get bored when you’re cooking most or all of your meals,” Gorin says. “Spices can quickly jazz things up.” Certain spices, including turmeric, cumin, cinnamon, and ginger, may help lower your blood sugar, though more studies in humans are needed, according to a review published in February 2017 in the journal Food Chemistry. Regardless, sodium-free varieties of spice mixes are a good option to infuse food with new flavor without adding calories and carbs, Gorin explains.
7. Consider Exercising After Eating Your Healthy Meal
As you enjoy healthy meals at home, take time to consider what you’ll do once you get up from the table. “Physical activity helps your body be more sensitive to insulin, which helps you manage your diabetes,” says Gorin, supporting findings cited in a review published in March 2017 in BMJ Open Sport — Exercise Medicine. “Right now, with quarantine measures in place, it may be difficult to get traditional forms of exercise. Try to be creative.” You might take a virtual yoga class, or make a workout out of cleaning your home. Check with your doctor before you begin exercise to ensure you are doing the right activities for your health condition.
Additional reporting by Marijke Vroomen-Durning, RN.