What is type 2 diabetes in children?
Diabetes is a condition in which the body can''t use insulin normally. Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder. Insulin is a hormone. It helps sugar (glucose) in the blood get into cells of the body to be used as fuel. When glucose can’t enter the cells, it builds up in the blood. This is called high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). High blood sugar can cause problems all over the body. It can damage blood vessels and nerves. It can harm the eyes, kidneys, and heart.
What causes type 2 diabetes in a child?
The cause of type 2 diabetes is unknown. But it can run in families. It usually takes another factor, such as obesity, to bring on the condition.
Which children are at risk for type 2 diabetes?
A child is the 1 last update 02 Jun 2020 more at risk for type 2 diabetes if he or she has any of these risk factors:A child is more at risk for type 2 diabetes if he or she has any of these risk factors:
- Family history of type 2 diabetes
- Being overweight
- Not exercising regularly
- Being African American, Hispanic American, or American Indian
- A low level HDL cholesterol
- A high triglyceride level
- Being female
- Having slightly high blood sugar levels (prediabetes)
What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes in a child?
Type 2 diabetes often causes no symptoms. When symptoms occur, they can include:
- Frequent bladder infections
- Skin infections and wounds that don’t heal easily
- Needing to urinate often
- Weight loss despite more appetite
- Excess thirst
- Blurred vision
- Weakness and fatigue
- Irritability and mood changes
- Nausea and vomiting
- High levels of glucose in the blood and urine when tested
- Tingling or loss of feeling in the hands or feet
reverses diabetes type 2 vinegar (☑ numbers) | reverses diabetes type 2 kidney painhow to reverses diabetes type 2 for The symptoms of type 2 diabetes can be like other health conditions. Make sure your child sees his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
How is type 2 diabetes diagnosed in a child?
Children at higher risk of type 2 diabetes should be screened. Screening may include tests such as:
- Glycated hemoglobin A1C. This test measures the amount of glucose in red blood cells. It shows the average blood glucose levels for the last 3 months.
- Fasting plasma glucose. The blood is tested after at least 8 hours of not eating.
- Oral glucose tolerance test. This test is done by measuring blood glucose levels 2 hours after drinking a glucose drink.
Other urine and blood tests may be done to see if your child has type 2 diabetes.
How is type 2 diabetes treated in a child?
Treatment will depend on your child’s symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is. The goal of treatment is to keep blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible. Treatment will include:
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your child’s healthcare provider:
- Know the reason for the visit and what you want to happen.
- Before your visit, write down questions you want answered.
- At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis, and any new medicines, treatments, or tests. Also write down any new instructions your provider gives you for your child.
- Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed and how it will help your child. Also know what the side effects are.
- Ask if your child’s condition can be treated in other ways.
- Know why a test or procedure is recommended and what the results could mean.
- Know what to expect if your child does not take the medicine or have the test or procedure.
- If your child has a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose for that visit.
- Know how you can contact your child’s provider after office hours. This is important if your child becomes ill and you have questions or need advice.